Financial ratio analysis for a bank

It provides meaningful relationship between individual values in the financial statements. Asset Quality The Assets of a bank are: Obligations issued by any state or any politica1 subdivision thereof for the benefit of a private party or enterprise where that party or enterprise, rather than the issuing state or political subdivision, is responsible for the timely payment of principal and interest on the obligations, Financial ratio analysis for a bank.

Indicates how well management employed the earning asset base the denominator focuses strictly on assets that generate income.

Financial Statement Analysis

It is the balance of the profit and loss account which is transferred to the reserve and surplus fund of the business. So a current ratio of 4 would mean that the company has 4 times more current assets than current liabilities.

The logic of the current ratio is based on security, and is in direct conflict with normal business practice, where we want to operate with a minimum level Financial ratio analysis for a bank stocks and debtors.

This ratio can be improved by an equal decrease in both current assets and current liabilities. Cash ratio considers only the Cash and Cash Equivalents there are the most liquid assets within the Current Assets.

What is the earning per share? Loans are often tied to minimum working capital requirements. For most small to medium-sized banks, Tier 1 Capital generally consists of only common equity, which is the sum of common stock, surplus and retained earnings.

This ratio is computed using the following formula: As with the vertical analysis methodology, issues will surface that need to be investigated and complemented with other financial analysis techniques.

The more quickly the debtors pay, the less the risk from bad- debts, and so the lower the expenses of collection and increase in the liquidity of the firm. Banks would prefer a current ratio of at least 1 or 2, so that all the current liabilities would be covered by the current assets.

Primary reserves Sufficient cash on hand to cover customer deposits and withdrawals or clearing and collecting check payments; and maintain contemporaneous reserve requirements.

It is important to note that different business models can generate different efficiency ratios for banks with similar revenues. This split allows investors and creditors to calculate important ratios like the current ratio. The commonly used turnover ratios include: In addition, there can be uncertainty related to the true value of the inventory realized as some of it may become obsolete, prices may change or it may become damaged.

Overall, the issues to consider include: The interest can be repaid as scheduled or it can be capitalized, which means that the interest will continue to accrue and will be added to the loan principal amount thereby increasing the loan principal amount, which is then the new balance that is used to compute interest for the next period.

While debt capital is a cheaper source of finance, it is also a risky source. The higher the ratio, the better it is, since it will indicate that the creditors are being paid more quickly which increases the credit worthiness of the firm.

There are three such ratios: The ratio indicates the extent of sales that is absorbed by the cost of goods sold and operating expenses. Liquidity ratio include two ratio: Costs include salaries, rent and other general and administrative expenses.

The answer to this analytical dilemma can be found by using the return on capital employed ROCE ratio. Peer company, industry and overall market comparisons are appropriate; however, it should be recognized that there are variations in ROEs among some types of businesses.

Here is how you calculate the debt to equity ratio. They are further sub-divided into 10 ratios as seen in the diagram below. While highly regarded as a profitability indicator, the ROE metric does have a recognized weakness. Would the elimination of this one-time item actually result in a loss?

This is exactly what is referred to in the previous example. It helps us to understand how each item of the balance sheet has moved over the years. Secondary reserves Marketable securities portfolio: Thus, one must examine the portfolio quality, the portfolio classification system aging schedule and the methodology to classifying a receivable and the fixed assets the productivity of the long-term assets, for instance the branch network.

But of these are not distributed among them as dividend. By dividing, the equation gives us an ROA of Analysis Each industry has different debt to equity ratio benchmarks, as some industries tend to use more debt financing than others.

Noncash expenses Noncash expenses are those expenses which are charged to the profit and loss account for which payment has already been done in the past years.Curr. Res. J.

Current Ratio

Soc. Sci., 3(3):The ability of an organization to analyze its financial position is essential for improving its competitive position. ReadyRatios online software produces a complete financial analysis of your statements: more than 40 ratios and indicators, unique conditional comments, tables, diagrams and summary.

This is the most comprehensive guide to Ratio Analysis / Financial Statement Analysis. Learn to calculate ratios in Excel from Colgate SEC Filings (template included).

The debt to equity ratio is a financial, liquidity ratio that compares a company's total debt to total equity.

The debt to equity ratio is calculated by dividing total liabilites by total equity. The main question this ratio addresses is: "Does your business have enough current assets to meet the payment schedule of its current debts with a margin of safety for.

Bank Financial Statement Analysis, Ratio Analysis and Performance Analysis. Financial Institution Financial Statement Analysis. Assets Current Assets / Liquid Assets.

Financial ratio analysis for a bank
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