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In the extreme south, however, it is somewhat wider along the south Sahyadri. The highlands of the plateau are covered with different types of forests, which provide a large variety of forest products.

Biogeography

The Indian coasts vary in their characteristics and structures. Topographic uniformity, except in the arid Western Rajasthan is a common feature throughout these plains. In other words, unlike some of the well-known insular faunas Galapagos finchesHawaiian drosophilid flies, African rift lake cichlidsthe species-rich Amazonian ichthyofauna is not write about biogeographical classification of india result of recent adaptive radiations.

The Western Ghats are well known for harboring 14 endemic species of caecilians i. Birds, jackals, leopards, eagles, snakes, fox, buffaloes are found in this region.

Deccan plateau It is a large triangular plateau south of the Narmada valley. It comprises Madhya Pradesh, parts of Orissa and Gujarat. Topographic uniformity, except in the arid Western Rajasthan is a common feature throughout these plains. Coasts India has a coastline extending over 5, kms.

The evidence for this theory is in the geological similarities between varying locations around the globe, fossil comparisons from different continents, and the jigsaw puzzle shape of the landmasses on Earth.

Rice is the main crop of these areas. The trees belonging to these forests are teak, sal, shisham, mahua, khair etc. The application of island biogeography theory to habitat fragments spurred the development of the fields of conservation biology and landscape ecology.

Top 10 Bio-Geographical Zones in India | Ecology

The forests are very dense with extensive growth of grass and evergreen tall trees. This region is characterized by discontinuous vegetation cover with open areas of bare soil and soil-water deficit throughout the year. With a maximum width of 58 kms the island forests of Lakshadweep in the Bay of Bengal have some of the best-preserved evergreen forests of India.

Essay on the Biogeographical Regions of India

The east coast plains, in contrast are broader due to depositional activities of the east-flowing rivers owing to the change in their base levels. Acacia nilotica, Salvadora, Capparis. Mangrove vegetation is characteristic of estuarine tracts along the coast for instance, at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.

This extends upto metres altitude and comprises mostly of Siwalik ranges. Represent very sensitive ecosystem and covered 2, 50, sq. This is divided into 3 zones. Gir lion is famous all over the world. Western Ghat and Coastal Plain: It is the one of largest zones covering the southern and south-central plateau with mostly deciduous trees.

Panda and snow leopard are also found here. In the extreme south, however, it is somewhat wider along the south Sahyadri. His influential ideas include the development of theories regarding the struggle for existence and natural selection. Retrieved 27 October Spread over 3, 59, sq.

Paleobiogeography also helps constrain hypotheses on the timing of biogeographic events such as vicariance and geodispersaland provides unique information on the formation of regional biotas.

Abies, Betula, Junipers, Rhododendrons. Chief species include wild sheep, mountain goats, ibex, shrew, and tapir. They are a range extending north-south from southern tip of Gujarat in the north to Kanyakumari in the south.

Biogeographic classification of India

Rice is the main crop of these areas. This largely influenced Charles Darwin in his development of the theory of evolution. The mountains cover an area of aboutsq. Especially tailored to the subject titled, "Environnmental Studies" common to the engineering students in Osmania University, Hyderabad, India Friday, November 1, Biogeographical classification of India India has different climate and topography in different parts and hence is termed as a mega diversity country.

The Western Ghats are amongst the 25 biodiversity hot-spots recognized globally. Thorny scrubs, grasses and some bamboos are present in some regions. Zizypus, Calotropis, Saccharum, Euphorbia. Most of the Western Ghat endemic plants are associated with evergreen forests.Nov 01,  · Biogeographical classification of India India has different climate and topography in different parts and hence is termed as a mega diversity country.

India occupies 10th place among plant rich countries of the world. The following points highlight the top ten bio-geographical zones in India.

Complete information on Biogeographical Classification of India

The bio-geographical zones are: wine-cloth.com-Himalayas wine-cloth.comyas wine-cloth.com wine-cloth.com-Arid wine-cloth.comn Ghats wine-cloth.com Peninsula wine-cloth.comic Plain wine-cloth.com-East India wine-cloth.coms Coasts. Biogeographic classification of India is the division of India according to biogeographic characteristics.

Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species, organisms, and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. There are ten biogeographic zones in India. Trans Himalayan zone. this is the outline of a seminar on biogeographical classification of India for engineering s4 class.

According to a recent classification done by the Wild-Life Institute of India, the country has ten Complete information on Biogeographical Classification of India Home.

Biogeographical Classification of India M. Subramanian Assistant Professor Department of Chemical Engineering Sri SivasubramaniyaNadarCollege of Engineering.

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